Thematic Courses

Uomo, Mondo, Energia, Sostenibilità

Teacher: Davide Alberti

Program: Comprendere quali siano gli impatti che le attività umane causano all’ambiente e quali gli effetti sulle limitate risorse del pianeta, costituisce una base fondamentale per chiunque operi nel settore della transizione ecologica.

Il corso verterà sull’esame della situazione energetica globale, sui meccanismi per il soddisfacimento del fabbisogno, e sugli impatti che esso genera sull’ambiente e sul clima.

Durata (ore): 20

Lingua:  Italian


Solution of hard physical problems with MATLAB

Teacher: Davide Picchi

Program: The goal of this course is to give a modern introduction to mathematical methods applied to solve hard physical problems that arise in engineering applications— flow in porous media, transport phenomena in confined environments, subsurface flows, singularities in fluid mechanics, non-equilibrium thermodynamics— .

Some of the approaches presented will be: dominant balance analysis, bifurcation, dimensional analysis, scaling analysis, singularities...

The course is complemented with a series of toolboxes/easy to use packages for routine numerical and symbolic computations (Matlab) applied to specific problems.

Durata (ore):  20

Lingua: English


Le sfide della transizione ecologica: regolazione, tecnologia, impresa

Teacher: Davide Alberti

Program: La transizione ecologica è una rivoluzione che impatta tuti gli aspetti della vita delle persone, e richiede un immenso sforzo interdisciplinare. Il corso si prefigge di fornire ai dottorandi le informazioni fondamentali per comprendere l’approccio industriale alla transizione ecologica: le tecnologie di conversione dell’energia, i sistemi di produzione e distribuzione, l’efficienza energetica, la decarbonizzazione, la gestione dei rifiuti in ottica di circolarità, nonché un inquadramento generale dal punto di vista normativo e regolatorio

Durata (ore): 24

Lingua:  Italian

Fuel cells for power production: from basic theory to system applications

Teacher: Gioele Dimarcoberardino

Program: Fuel cells are emerging and innovative solutions for power generation. Thanks to their high efficiency and their modularity, these electrochemical devices can be adopted in several fields: small applications such as portable devices, medium size with electric and thermal power production for transportation or residential applications, electric generation in innovative large power plants. Although the commercial success of this technology, researchers are facing different open issues related to physical and mechanical aspects.

Starting from the description of the different types of fuel cells, the course covers: 

• Definition of the basic principles and the main operating parameters

• Fuel cell system modelling and applications: plant layout, energy balance, efficiency and some practical examples

Durata (ore):  8

Lingua:  Italian/English

Design for additive manufacturing

Teacher: Luca Giorleo

Program: Conoscenza delle potenzialità di progettazione ed utilizzo dei software dedicati alla progettazione tramite tecnologie additive.

Durata (ore):  15

Lingua:  Italian/English

Methods for Materials Selection in Mechanical Design

Teacher: Stefano Pandini

Program: This course covers the fundamentals of material selection according to prof. Ashby approach, as developed through the CES Edupack and Granta Selecto softwares. Lectures (8hrs) will provide basic information on material selection strategies and the employ of the Ansys Granta Edupack software, which will be the main focus of the laboratory experiences(12 hrs)

1. Materials properties: representation in graphs their role in design strategies 2. Bubble plots and their use in designing for stiffness, for strength and for toughness

3. Material selection in designing with multiple constraint and objectives

Durata (ore):  20

Lingua: English

Mechanical and thermal testing of polymeric materials

Teacher: Stefano Pandini

Program: This course covers the fundamentals of mechanical and thermal/thermo- mechanical testing of polymers. Lectures(4hrs) are accompanied by laboratory experiences (8hrs)

1. Short-time mechanical testing of polymers: quasi-static tests; impact tests

2. Long-time mechanical testing of polymers: creep tests; stress- relaxation tests; fatigue tests

3. Thermal and thermo-mechanical analysis of polymers: Differential Scanning Calorimetry; Thermogravimetric Analysis; Dynamic- Mechanical Thermal Analysis

Durata (ore):  12

Lingua: English

Materials Characterization: microscopy and surface analysis

Teacher: Marialaura Tocci

Program: The Course will provide technical knowledge about characterization of materials using various microscopy and surface analysis techniques.

The main experimental techniques that will be described are: 

- scanning/transmission electron microscopy (SEM, STEM, TEM) and focused ion beam (FIB) microscopy: working principles, main differences, sample preparation, applications

- micro- and nanomechanical characterization: working principles, advantages, applications in-situ

Case studies and practical examples of applications for different materials will be described, interactive tasks will be carried out using a virtual microscope simulator. The aim is to provide tools to understand which experimental technique is adequate according to the material and the property of interest, which are the advantages but also which issues or limitations you should be aware of.

Finally, we will plan a lab visit to the Metallurgy labs. 

Durata (ore):  12

Lingua: English

Topics in Advanced Spectroscopy of Solids

Teacher: Fulvio Parmigiani

Program: The lectures are thought for graduate students in material science and engineering. The aim is to provide a clear and possibly simple background of some advanced spectroscopies of solids suitable for observing low energy interactions in condensed matter. The program starts with some basic classical concepts on the matter-radiation interaction leading to the description of absorption and scattering processes. The lectures will cover fundamental spectroscopic concepts applied to the study magnetic interactions and elementary excitations in solids and as these interactions and excitations can be detected by X-ray Magnetic Cicular Dichroism (XMCD), X-ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism (XMLD), non-linear based spectroscopies, such as Raman and Resonant Inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) and Angle Resolved Photoelectron Spectroscopy (ARPES).

Durata (ore):  6

Lingua: English

Energy Transition and Digitalization. The evolution from traditional centralized electrical power systems towards smart grids: current trends and future challenges.

Teacher: Marco Pasetti

Program: The growing pressure towards decarbonized and sustainable energy systems is radically changing how electrical power networks must be designed and operated. The demand of electricity worldwide is increasing rapidly, following the electrification of emerging economies, the diffusion of small electrical devices (e.g., consumer electronics), the adoption of electrical systems replacing less efficient energy technologies (e.g., heat pumps replacing gas-fired heating), and, finally, the transition towards the electrical mobility. In addition, the generation of electricity from renewable energy sources, the adoption of the distributed paradigm, and the deregulation of energy markets are radically revolutionizing the way electrical networks must be designed and operated, leading to the conceptualization of next generation power grids, i.e., the so- called smart grids. This course tracks all the fundamental aspects of modern electrical power systems, from the bulk power generation to the distribution and consumption of electricity by final users, by remarking all the main novelties and criticisms introduced by the decarbonization and electrification of current energy systems, and introduces the concept of smart grid as a set of assets and methodologies aiming to solve the identified issues. Particular attention is devoted to the characterization of the distributed generation from renewable sources, electrical energy storage, and electric vehicle charging systems, and to their integration and harmonization into smart grids. The course is intended to students of scientific faculties dealing with energy and electrical engineering, who want to learn the basics of smart grid design and management, as well to student of information engineering, who want to learn how information and communication technologies can be applied in modern and future power networks.

Durata (ore):  20

Lingua: English

Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Solids

Teacher: Alberto Salvadori

Program: Obiettivo del corso è fornire una base di conoscenza della meccanica in deformazioni finite, disciplina che trova largo impiego sia in settori classici dell’ingegneria quali la meccanica delle gomme o nelle lavorazioni per deformazione plastica che in settori innovativi multidisciplinari, quali lo stoccaggio di energia in batterie di nuova generazione, la generazione di energia con materiali innovativi, l’uso di idrogels e materiali biologici sintetici, nella scienza dell’alimentazione o ancora in mechanobiology.

parte 1 – Equazioni di bilancio, in configurazione corrente e di riferimento parte 2 – Termo-meccanica dei continui: legami costitutivi, teoria di Coleman e Noll. Esempi in teoria delle gomme e della plasticita`.

parte 3 – Frame indifference (cenni)

Durata (ore):  16

Lingua: English

Thin films deformation and plasticity

Teacher: H. Haftbaradan

Program: Il corso, tenuto dal Prof. H. Haftbaradan, concerne modelli elastoplastici per film sottili.

Durata (ore):  12

Lingua: English

PID Control: Review of methods and new approaches

Teacher: Roman Vilanova

Program: At the core of process control we find an indispensable tool: The Proportional- Integrative-Derivative, PID, controller. Although many changes and innovations have been introduced since its early development during the 1930s and ’40s, the basic idea behind the PID controller still applies successfully in practice. it seems that PID control is here to stay as the preferred control algorithm, at least at the bottom layer. In general, the tuning of the controller must be done taking into account different objectives, such as output performance, robustness, input usage and noise sensitivity, etc. With this context in mind, the basic aim of the proposed short course is to give a review of current approaches as well as some new insights into the tuning problem by considering unifying approaches to take care of the most relevant conflicting objectives, namely the robustness/performance and servo/regulator trade-offs; recent proposals for handling higher order process dynamics; and resilience considerations with respect to implementation changes, among other topics.

Durata (ore):  10

Lingua:  English

Resource and Energy Economics

Teacher: Sergio Vergalli

Program: The course aims to provide further insight into energy economics, focusing particularly on the new technologies, on the macro and microeconomic effects on energy markets. The course will study theoretically and empirically the green market, the shale oil market, the energy transition and the circular economy and will also give some instruments for working in the energy sector. An important focus will be devoted to the analysis of investment projects and the study of economic impact.

Durata (ore):  24

Lingua: English

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Teacher: Dario Zappa

Program: The goal of this course is to provide an introduction to nanoscience and nanotechnology, including the basics of preparation of nanomaterials and their characterization, together with the use of some of the required instrumentations. This course is suitable for graduate students with various physics, chemistry and engineering backgrounds.

Durata (ore):  17

Lingua:  English

Materials Characterization: microscopy and surface analysis

Teacher: Marialaura Tocci

Program: The Course will provide technical knowledge about characterization of materials using various microscopy and surface analysis techniques.

The main experimental techniques that will be described are: 

- scanning/transmission electron microscopy (SEM, STEM, TEM) and focused ion beam (FIB) microscopy: working principles, main differences, sample preparation, applications

- micro- and nanomechanical characterization: working principles, advantages, applications in-situ

Case studies and practical examples of applications for different materials will be described, interactive tasks will be carried out using a virtual microscope simulator. The aim is to provide tools to understand which experimental technique is adequate according to the material and the property of interest, which are the advantages but also which issues or limitations you should be aware of.

Finally, we will plan a lab visit to the Metallurgy labs. 

Durata (ore):  12

Lingua: English

Complementi di specificazione geometrica dei prodotti

Teacher: Gabriele Baronio

Program: Nel primo intervento del corso verranno sinteticamente richiamati i contenuti delle principali norme ISO GPS sulla specificazione geometrica dei prodotti (tolleranze geometriche, riferimenti, ...), nel secondo intervento del corso verranno commentati indicazioni a disegno di casi reali come esempi applicativi del sistema ISO GPS.

Durata (ore):  6

Lingua:  Italian